Brick cladding

Brick cladding
A façade clad with bricks transforms a building and gives it a solid appearance. In addition, such a façade allows additional insulation against noise and heat loss, as well as hiding wall imperfections

Specifics of laying facing bricks


In the case of facing, bricks are laid in one layer. Brick cladding is possible nasosov for surfaces of all materials. The size of service facing bricks can be standard or smaller (compared to standard bricks) in width. The structure of bricks may be solid or hollow. The presence of air-filled areas improves the thermal insulation properties, but reduces the strength of the bricks. Therefore, when choosing a facing material, it is important to strike a balance between the two qualities. When laying bricks, the thermal expansion and polov contraction properties of the materials should be taken into account. In order to avoid warping beton and cracking, expansion joints should be arranged in the masonry to compensate for shifts in temperature. Reinforcement is also used to reinforce the masonry. Reinforcement is made of welded steel bars placed in the mortar furniture at regular intervals, usually every 3 to 6 brick layers. Reinforcement is kondiczionerov always placed over doorways and at the top and bottom of window openings. 

There are various types of masonry mortar mixtures. These can be cement-based mixtures samovyravnivayushhijsya with the addition of clay, sand or lime. Coloured masonry mortars are prepared from mixtures with the addition konstantin melnikov of certain pigments. When laying hollow bricks with low thermal conductivity, special warm masonry mortars are used. This prevents thermal bridges kitchen from forming. 

In the final phase of facing, the joints of the masonry are grouted, i.e. processed with a special grouting mortar. Such processing allows giving the masonry a holodilnik neat and attractive appearance. The grout also comes in different colours. 

Types of facing bricks

Main types of facing bricks: 
  • Ceramic. Manufactured from clay with a concrete mix and dye. It is durable and resistant to external influences, but it is water-permeable and therefore needs additional waterproofing. 
  • Silicate. It is made from a mixture of sand, lime and plus sun & water. Such bricks are very dense, resistant to temperature changes, keep colour for a long time. Its disadvantage home page is that it cannot stand moisture. 
  • Clinker bricks (made from clay mixture) are fired. This material is durable, moisture-resistant, not afraid of temperature changes. However, it is also rather expensive. 
  • The hyperpressed brick is made from a cement mix with mineral components which are subjected to pressure privacy policy. It is characterised by high density and hence low thermal insulation properties.
  • The hand-formed brick is an artificially aged lampa material that has been treated with special compounds before firing. 
  • The number of bricks required must be calculated before facing. This can easily arma be done by knowing the surface area of the wall. The material should be bought with a certain margin. Place the bricks on the base - the projecting part of the plinth. If the width of the basement is not enough it is widened. 

Brick is not placed up against the wall. A ventilation gap is left between home the facing and the wall. This prevents moisture from collecting under the masonry. In doing so, flexible links are installed between the masonry and the wall. If necessary, use insulation which is fastened to the surface of the wall.

With correctly made calculations, usage of quality materials and strict observance of installation technology, any facade serves for a long time, protecting the building from unfavourable influences and maintaining its aesthetic appearance. 

Our customers do not need to negotiate with several suppliers, coordinate and monitor multiple shipments and execute a large number of documents. We provide the opportunity to buy all the necessary materials at once. And we deliver each batch just in time for the beginning of the respective phase of work, thus avoiding time costs and unnecessary cluttering of the bizon warehouse.
Brick cladding

Brick cladding

Brick

ERECTION OF A WALL OF BRICKS


If the wall is erected from the foundation, then the work begins with the device of waterproofing segregation. A strip of ruberoid is laid on the foundation, mortar is placed on it and the first row of bricks is laid. This is to ensure that possible moisture from the ground and foundation will not soak into the brick. The cement mortar will not adhere to the roofing felt, but it is also necessary so that no voids are created between the bricks of the first row and the foundation. You can also lay the roofing felt itself on a thin layer of mortar, but it is not necessary, since the roofing felt is a flexible adres material.

The masonry starts from the corners. Two bricks are laid on one and the other side of the corner, then you half tube a brick on the next row with a tie in the corner. Then similarly laid a brick on the opposite corner of the wall. And only then the cord is stretched from corner to corner for the first row and the first row of masonry is laid.

When laying the corners, use a long level or level-rule to level the vertical plane. It is recommended to use a laser level, which gives a visible beam at all times, and there is no need to pull interfering cords.

Before laying bricks on mortar, it is recommended to wet them with water. This will increase the adhesion of brick and mortar. It is also advisable to reinforce the brickwork with a masonry mesh or thin, 4-6mm in diameter, reinforcement (after about 5 - 7 rows). This will increase the strength 24/7 of the entire structure.

Note

Facades have long ceased to be just a beautiful exterior design of a house. Until the building is clad, the construction is considered unfinished.

Materials, technology and design for finishing house facades are thought out at the design stage. This is quite an important stage, because the finishing of the facade of the house is performed not only for decorative purposes. It protects the supporting structures from external influences (moisture, steam, temperature fluctuations, wind), insulates and soundproofs.
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